Winemakers are lucky: we have a wonderful job. Nevertheless, it requires great efforts and sacrifices. Very often there are no weekends and no holidays, since we have to work according to the climate conditions of the year that sometimes make the time of intervention extremely tight. For this reason we need to be able to schedule our activity trying to interpret the pedoclimatic features of our area. This interpretation is based on the analysis of the components of the ecosystem that surrounds our plants, and it is carried out studying the features of the climate, the soil and the fauna. We think that, in order to do it in the best possible way, we need to be able to mix new and modern technologies with traditions and the lessons from the past. Why? Because the expertise gathered on the field through the previous decades cannot be forgotten!
Our winemaking and oenological activities can therefore be summarised in the following features:
- Analysis of the pedoclimatic features and data collection: in these years we have been trying to concentrate on the analysis of the climatic, weather, pedologic and winemaking aspects of our area studying our work performed on the regional and national levels, trying to understand how to help the plants to adapt in the best possible way to our vineyard and climate. Moreover, we have started an activity of data collection about the climatic features of the year, the number of bunches on each plant, the average weight of each bunch, the average weight of the grapes, the flavour and analytic features of the grapes, etc. All this helped creating a detailed database that helps us interpreting the trend of the different years for a better management also when scheduling the oenological activities.
- Vineyard zoning: we have started a project of company zoning in order to be able to choose the best positions that can give value to various vineyards, and therefore we have decided to:
- plant the aromatic white varieties (especially sauvignon) on the eastern and north-eastern sides that, thanks to their higher temperature range, can give value to all the organoleptic features of these wines;
- plant the white varieties for more structured and full-bodied wines on the eastern and south-eastern sides;
- plant the red grapes variety and those for the Passito wines on the southern and south-western sides that grant a more intense sun exposure with the consequent higher concentration in the grapes;
At the same time, where possible, the location will vary also according to the soil texture and composition features:
The white grapes variety will be planted mainly on the “Ponca ” (sandstone marl of Eocene origin) that grants mineral nourishment that is more suitable for the organoleptic features of the above-mentioned varieties.
The red grapes variety will be planted on soils that mainly consist of clay, which in our area have features that are more suitable to obtain more structured wines and wines with more dry extract.
- Vineyard management. A different approach to plant-protection treatments and topdressing: we believe that an area is more or less predisposed to adversities according to a combination of factors, both natural and artificial. For sure, the climate and the features of the location are the main factors. At the same time, also the position of the vineyards, the modelling of the sides performed on your soils and the treatments you use play their important roles. This is the reason why we want to concentrate on a prevention action to restrain phytophagous insects and cryptogamic adversities of the vineyard thanks to the creation of agrarian environments that are less exposed and predisposed to the overflow of massive infestation.
- Employment of alternative energy sources: We decided to invest in renewable energies thanks to the photovoltaic panels installed on the roofs of our winery. This action enables us to be completely independent in the electricity consumption and the need of hot water. Our photovoltaic installation extends on 432.30 square meters, with a number of 262 modules for a total energy equal to 60,610.29 kWh per year.
Moreover, all the activities on the vineyards of our company Specogna are carried out by hand:
· Winter pruning
· Green pruning
· Grape harvest
Each of these practices is performed following the lunar calendar (and this happens also in the wine cellar)… This may not be the factor that determines the quality of our grapes and wines, but we are sure that DETAILS MAKE THE DIFFERENCE!
This constant commitment to the search for the perfect balance of our vineyard made us understand how fundamental it is to try to preserve the BIODIVERSITY of our soil as intact as possible! We want to put out maximum effort in this field and for this reason we have started a project to preserve the morphology of the sides of our hill and of its microclimates, through the protection of the trees and of the other species of plants that are typical of our territory. 2 out of 24 hectares of the soil of our winery consist of woods. This is a pivotal factor for the climate regulation of the bordering areas and for the balance of the flora and fauna. Moreover, we have started to plant new plants of rose bushes, olive trees and cherry trees whose root system helps stabilizing the grip of the hill slopes in our area, which are very fragile and delicate due to their tendency to erosion. According to us, all this can lead to SUSTAINABILITY…